Fruit trees are planted in the fall after November or in the spring before the vegetation begins. Autumn planting of fruit trees is carried out in November-December – from the end of the growing season to the beginning of winter frosts, and it is best to do it soon after the end of the growing season or no later than 15 days before the winter frosts. Early autumn planting of fruit trees allows the roots to begin to callus (heal) their wounds even before the winter frosts. The soil settles and adheres tightly to the roots. Thus, the fruit trees are in good conditions for catching and timely start of growth in the spring.
The spring planting of fruit trees is carried out in the period after the winter frosts until the beginning of the vegetation. It is best to plant fruit trees in the spring in the first week, after the soil has cleared and the spring field work has begun. All preparatory work (delivery of trees, pre-planting plowing and digging holes) should be done in the fall, and for the spring only planting should remain.
In our climatic conditions, timely autumn planting gives better results, especially in warmer and more ventilated soils. Late autumn planting of fruit trees in heavy, clayey, cold and moist soils is not recommended. In such cases, spring planting gives better results. In years with harsh winters, walnuts, peaches and apricots, as more sensitive to frost, give better results in early spring planting, but usually they also get the best results in early autumn planting.
Work on planting fruit trees should be organized so that as early as possible in the fall to plant all fruit trees. If, for any reason, planting is not carried out in the autumn, all preparatory work (delivery of trees, soil preparation, etc.) must be done in the autumn, and only the planting to be done early must remain for the spring. in the spring, as soon as the soil dries out.
Strawberries can be planted throughout the growing season. However, it is best to start planting strawberries in late August and finish in September. Strawberries planted early in the beginning of autumn manage to strengthen enough by the end of the growing season and to give a satisfactory yield the following year. The humid and cloudy weather in September is especially favorable for planting strawberries. Strawberries planted in late autumn give little fruit in the first year, and those planted in spring – very little.