The maximum stocking density for broilers must be 33 kg / m2, which must not be exceeded throughout the fattening period. This stocking density is favorable for broilers that are fattened to a slaughter weight of 1.8 – 3.0 kg.
Many factors need to be considered when taking determines the stocking density in poultry houses so that favorably affect the welfare of broilers. Adherence to a certain stocking density is important, but it is not enough in itself to provide the welfare of broilers. There is a close connection between maintaining good farming practices, environmental control and stocking density. The birds will be in good condition only if there are a good balance is ensured and the responsibility to maintain the welfare of the birds is in the hands of the producer. Regardless of the breeding system, all broilers must have freedom of movement so that they can easily stand up, turn and stretch their wings. They must also have the necessary area so that they can sit without being disturbed by other birds.
The density of cultivation should be reduced and seek immediate advice from expert in the event of problems in the herd, it is especially imperative to do when the temperature or humidity in the premises rises due to inadequate ventilation or poor bedding. If they appear diseases or problems in the environment in any of the buildings or rearing systems, reducing the rearing density of the problem flock would reduce the likelihood of recurrence of the problem.
A clear description of the usable floor area of the room must be permanently affixed to the door of each broiler room. This, together with the other information to be recorded, will make it easier to calculate the stocking density.
Intentional occupancy of premises with a larger number of birds and the gradual “reduction” (thinning) of the flock by removing a certain number should be avoided, as it causes unnecessary stress to the birds and can lead to too high stocking density.