- Blagoevgrad district
- Bansko municipality
- Belitsa municipality
- Blagoevgrad municipality
- Gotse Delchev municipality
- Gyrmen municipality
- Kresna municipality
- Petrich municipality
- Razlog municipality
- Sandanski municipality
- Satovcha municipality
- Simitli municipality
- Strumyani municipality
- Hadzhidimovo municipality
- Yakoruda municipality
Blagoevgrad region occupies the southwestern part of Bulgaria and is its "door" open to the Balkans, Europe and the world. Its total area is 6,449 km2, which represents 5.8% of the country's territory. Its southern border is with the Hellenic Republic, on the west it borders on the Republic of Macedonia, on the east with Pazardzhik and Smolyan regions, and on the north with Kyustendil region. Administratively the district is divided into 14 municipalities, 96 kilometers and 280 settlements. The town of Blagoevgrad is the administrative center of the region and a locomotive for its socio-economic development, followed by the municipalities of Bansko, Sandanski, Petrich and Gotse Delchev. The main branches in the economy of the district are:
- Food industry;
- Wine production;
- Tobacco industry and production of tobacco products;
- Wood processing;
- Total forest fund, hectares
- Food industry;
- Wine production;
- Tobacco industry and production of tobacco products;
- Wood processing;
Municipality of Bansko / 462 sq. Km; 13394 g. / Covers the most beautiful part of the majestic Pirin Mountain, part of the Razlog valley, the picturesque gorge Momina Klisura and the Dabrashki part of the Rhodopes. The relief is from flat, in the river valleys, to hilly, in the mountainous and foothill part. The climate is transitional-continental with Mediterranean influence, and in the higher parts of the mountain. Summers are short and cool, and winters are snowy, mild and long. The average January temperatures are -1.9 ° С, the snow cover in the resort lasts about 6 per year, and the summer temperatures are around 25 ° С. Nature is the greatest wealth of the municipality of Bansko. Since 1962, the most beautiful part of the Pirin Mountains has been declared the Vihren National Park. In 1974 it was expanded and renamed Pirin National Park. Since 1999, the park has been re-categorized into the Pirin National Park with an area of 40,332 ha. This small part of paradise includes centuries-old spruce-fir forests, extensive dwarf pine formations, mountain meadows and sharp ridges, deep circuses and emerald lakes. Due to its unique nature, Pirin National Park is recognized as a site of world importance and since 1983 is included in the list of the UNESCO Convention for the Protection of World Natural Heritage. The municipality has 8 settlements with a total population of 12,715 inhabitants / December 15, 2009 /. The municipality includes the following settlements: Gostun; Dobrinishte; Flint; Places; Offensive; Osenovo; Filipovo. The town of Bansko / 9,740 inhabitants / is the administrative, economic and cultural center of the municipality. It is located at 925 m above sea level, in the southwestern part of the Razlog valley, at the foot of the Northern Pirin. It is 150 km from Sofia and Plovdiv and 60 km from Blagoevgrad. It is connected to them by bus. Through the municipality passes g. n. the line Dobrinishte - September. An asphalt road and a modern gondola lift connect the city with the high part of the mountain and the ski area.
Belitsa Municipality is one of the small municipalities in Southwestern Bulgaria, with an area of 382 sq. Km and a population of 9539. It covers parts of the Velichko-Videnishki part of the Western Rhodopes, the valley of the Mesta River and the southern branches of Eastern Rila. It borders the municipalities of Yakoruda, Bansko, Razlog, Rila, Samokov and Velingrad. The town of Belitsa is sheltered in the southern slopes of Rila Mountain, and the constituent villages are picturesquely located in the Rhodopes. This predetermines the unique diversity of nature, folklore and history of the municipality. The relief is predominantly mountainous and semi-mountainous, and the climate is transitional-Mediterranean, with the influence of the mountainous one. The forest fund occupies most of the territory of the municipality - 219445 decares of coniferous and deciduous forests, and between them on the ridges of the mountains - lush pastures. Part of it forms the Belitsa Park section of the Rila National Park, which establishes it as a tourist site and recreation area.
Blagoevgrad Municipality is the largest in population and the third in territory within Blagoevgrad District (with an area of 621 sq. Km). It is located in southwestern Bulgaria, in the westernmost part of the Rila-Rhodope massif and consists of 26 settlements (with a total of 83,079 inhabitants - data from February 2007). The municipal center of Blagoevgrad is located in the valley of the Struma River, at 360 m above sea level near the southwestern slopes of Rila, on the main road E-79, 100 km south of Sofia. The city is 20 km from the border with the Republic of Macedonia, 100 km from the border with the Hellenic Republic and 250 km from Thessaloniki. The river Blagoevgradska Bistritsa passes through the town. The relief of the municipality is mountainous and hollow, with an average altitude of 959.8 m. Eighty percent of its territory falls in the transitional-continental climate area with a strong influence of warm Mediterranean air invading the valley of the Struma River, which predetermines relatively high average temperatures in winter (+ 3.4oС). The remaining 20%, located at higher altitudes, have a typical mountain climate. The average annual temperature in the municipality is + 12.4oС, and the average summer temperature is + 16.5oС. The average annual rainfall in 2005 was 590 l / m2, with a maximum in autumn and a minimum in summer. A significant part of the territory is occupied by forests, most of which need reconstruction. The river network is dense and is formed mainly by small tributaries of the Struma River. The groundwater is common to the Blagoevgrad valley and covers parts of the neighboring municipalities - Dupnitsa, Boboshevo and Kocherinovo. Near Blagoevgrad, the underground runoff is fed by the Blagoevgradska Bistritsa River. The municipality has 30 hot mineral springs with temperatures up to 550C, whose water is used to treat chronic diseases of the peripheral nervous system, gynecological problems, rheumatism and more.
- Settlements and population
- Transport and roads
- Economic development
- Agriculture and forests
Gotse Delchev Municipality (316 sq. Km; 32,136 inhabitants) covers part of the picturesque valley of the Mesta River, the Gotse Delchev Valley and the southeastern parts of the Pirin Mountain. It includes the municipal center of Gotse Delchev and 10 villages. It borders the municipalities of Bansko, Garmen, Hadjidimovo and Sandanski. Its relief is mountainous and hollow. The climate is transitional Mediterranean, in the high parts of Pirin - mountainous. The forest fund is rich in coniferous, deciduous forests and natural pastures. The scope of the territory includes the most southeastern parts of the Pirin National Park 1823.4 ha, included in the UNESCO World Natural Heritage List; Orelyak Reserve (850 ha), declared in order to preserve the country's rare standards of primary, typical for Middle and South Pirin beech forests; the natural landmarks "Kupena" and "Pirostiata", "Vodopad - Tufcha" and many ancient trees. The municipality is rich in water. The Mesta River and its right tributaries Tufcha, Nevrokopska and Kamenica flow through it. On its territory are the high mountain Pirin lakes (Breznishki and Kornishki), many artificial reservoirs and mineral springs (Banichanski, Musomishtki, in the locality "Toplika"). The diversity of flora and fauna includes many rare, protected and endemic species, as well as a wealth of medicinal plants, mushrooms and berries, birds and mammals.
Gyrmen Municipality (14705) is located in southwestern Bulgaria, in the bosom of the Western Rhodopes. It covers parts of the valley of the river Mesta and the western slopes of the Dabrashka part of the mountain. It borders with Banska, Gotsedelchevska, Hadjidimovska and Satovchanska municipalities from Blagoevgrad region and Velingrad municipality from Plovdiv region. Gyrmen Municipality is located on 388,479 decares, of which 281,228 decares are forest fund and 70,854 decares - arable land. The forest fund is rich. Coniferous forests predominate. Among it is the reserve "Dark Forest" with ancient trees (over 180 years, height 50-60 m) firs, spruces and beeches, typical of the Western Rhodopes. The climate is transitional Mediterranean, influenced by mountainous in the highlands. The average annual air temperature is 6–11 C, and the average annual amount of precipitation is 650–1,000 mm. The demographic development of the municipality is stable - the population remains. All settlements are landscaped and connected to the municipal center, Blagoevgrad and the country by bus. The village of Gyrmen (1,744 inhabitants) is the administrative, economic and cultural center of the municipality, which includes 15 more villages: Kovachevitsa - 64 inhabitants; Leshten - 9 inhabitants; Gorno Dryanovo - 1,055 inhabitants; Ognyanovo - 1,704 inhabitants; Marchevo - 183 inhabitants; Krushevo - 270 inhabitants; Oreshe - 418 inhabitants; Baldevo - 254 inhabitants; Dabnitsa - 1,735 inhabitants; Dolno Dryanovo - 1,174 inhabitants; Debren - 2,245 inhabitants; Hvostyane - 694 inhabitants; Osikovo - 609 inhabitants; Skrebatno - 325 inhabitants; Ribnovo - 2,601 inhabitants. It is located 7 km northeast of Gotse Delchev, about 550 m above sea level. It is 210 km southeast of Sofia.
Kresna Municipality / 341 sq. Km, 5948 inhabitants / includes the town of Kresna and 8 villages. It covers part of the valley of the river Struma with the Kresna gorge and parts of the western branches of the Northern Pirin and the Northeastern slopes of Maleshevska Mountain. It borders the municipalities of Simitli, Razlog, Bansko, Strumyani and the Republic of Macedonia. Its relief is mountainous, hilly and valley. The climate is transitional Mediterranean, in the higher parts - mountainous. The Struma River flows through the territory of the municipality, which also receives its tributaries - Vlahinska River, Oshtavska and Breznishka Rivers. Many hot mineral springs gush in the lands of the villages of D. Gradeshnitsa, Oshtava, Stara Kresna, Gorna Breznitsa and Vlahi. The forest fund is rich - mainly coniferous forests in Pirin and deciduous - in Maleshevska mountain, which occupy about 70% of the municipality. In the southern part of the Kresna Gorge / 25 km / is the reserve "Tisza", which preserves the largest natural habitat of juniper trees in Europe. It also contains the typical for the region sub-Mediterranean and Mediterranean plant species - hairy oak, influenza, red juniper, dracaena, shrub rabbit, etc .; Balkan and Bulgarian endemics; white-flowered fat man, Thracian fescue; the rare species of deciduous frost and many etc. The forest fund is rich - mainly coniferous forests in Pirin and deciduous - in Maleshevska mountain, which occupies about 70% of the municipality. In the southern part of the Kresna Gorge / 25 km / is the reserve "Tisza", which preserves the largest natural habitat of juniper trees in Europe. It also contains the typical for the region sub-Mediterranean and Mediterranean plant species - hairy oak, influenza, red juniper, dracaena, shrub rabbit, etc .; Balkan and Bulgarian endemics; white-flowered fat man, Thracian fescue; the rare species of deciduous frost and many etc. The town of Kresna / 4588 inhabitants / is the administrative, economic and cultural center of the municipality. It is located in the southern part of the Kresna Gorge, on both banks of the Struma River, 42 km south of Blagoevgrad and 23 km northwest of Sandanski. The international road E-79 and the railway line Sofia - Kulata - Athens pass through it. Northeast of the city, the Melo sand scree rises like a giant fan.
Petrich Municipality / 650.13 sq. Km; 61825 inhabitants / is located in Southwestern Bulgaria. It covers the Petrich valley, the larger parts / in Bulgaria / of the Ograzhden and Belasitsa mountains and the southwestern parts of South Pirin. Some of its borders coincide with the state borders of the Republic of Bulgaria with Greece and Macedonia, and the rest divide it from the municipalities of Sandanski and Strumyani. The municipality consists of 57 settlements - the town of Petrich and 56 villages. The majority of the population - 52.2% live in the city. The largest is the village of Parvomay - 3452 inhabitants, and the smallest - Krundzhilitsa - 28. Some of the villages, such as Giurgiu and Zanoga, do not have a permanent population. The climate is clearly transitional Mediterranean. Short and mild winters with little snow and dry and hot summers are typical. Petrich is the sunniest corner of Bulgaria. The early spring warming is specific for the region - in the second half of February the average air temperature remained above 5 ° C. The rivers in the municipality form a whole network: Lebnitsa, Strumeshnitsa with tributaries and Struma, Pirinska Bistritsa, Melnishka River. The forest fund is rich. The climate is clearly transitional Mediterranean. Short and mild winters with little snow and dry and hot summers are typical. Petrich is the sunniest corner of Bulgaria. The early spring warming is specific for the region - in the second half of February the average air temperature remained above 5 ° C. The rivers in the municipality form a whole network: Lebnitsa, Strumeshnitsa with tributaries and Struma, Pirinska Bistritsa, Melnishka River. The forest fund is rich.
Razlog Municipality / 440314 sq. M / is located in the valley of the same name in Southwestern Bulgaria, between the Pirin, Rila and Rhodope Mountains. It consists of 8 settlements: Razlog and 7 villages. The municipality covers large parts of the National Parks "Rila" and "Pirin", whose beautiful nature abounds in a variety of biological plant and animal species. The forest fund is rich in high-stem coniferous and deciduous forests and occupies 58.5% of its territory. The climate in the municipality is moderately continental with a weak Mediterranean influence, penetrating the valley of the river Mesta. The winter is mild but long, the summer - relatively short and cool. The snow cover in the areas for winter recreation and skiing lasts about 150 days a year. Razlog Municipality is known for its water wealth - many rivers, tributaries of the Mesta River, groundwater, karst and hot mineral springs - in the village of Banya, in the locality "Katarino" near the town, in the locality. Rust ”- the village of Bachevo, in the village of Eleshnitsa. The second-class road Simitli - Razlog - Sadovo passes through the municipality, which connects the region on the one hand with the international road E-79, and on the other - provides a shorter route to Greece through the new Ilinden-Eksohi border checkpoint. The municipality connects with Velingrad through a second-class road, and from there - with the Trakia highway. The narrow-gauge railway also passes through its territory. n. line September - Dobrinishte.
Sandanski Municipality / 1002 sq. Km; 42475 inhabitants / is the largest in the Blagoevgrad region. It covers 54 settlements - the towns of Sandanski and Melnik and 52 villages. Located among the majestic Pirin and the Slavyanka, Ograzhden and Maleshevska mountains bordering Greece and Macedonia, it occupies a large part of the vast Sandanski-Petrich valley with the picturesque valley of Sredna Struma. The international road E-79 and the international railway line Sofia - Kulata - Athens pass through its territory. The municipality covers parts of the Pirin National Park, included in the UNESCO World Natural and Cultural Heritage List. The remarkable forms of the relief in the territory are innumerable - the Railway Valley with many glaciogenic forms, the picturesque gorge of the Pirinska Bistritsa River above the village of Pirin, the pointed peaks Kuklite and Zabat, the vast circuses Golyamo and Malko Spano Pole, Glavnishki and Mandrishte with the beautiful circus lakes known as the "Crystal Eyes of Pirin", the climbing sites - peak "Yalovarnika" and the area "Konska Polyana", the impressive Falcon Rock with the Boilers of Dolenska River, Popinolashki and Kashinsky waterfalls and undoubtedly unique natural natural earth pyramids - natural landmark with protected area /. Part of the Alibotush Reserve / Sq. Slavyanka /, included due to the rich flora and fauna in the list of UNESCO biosphere reserves. The administrative, economic and cultural center of the municipality is the town of Sandanski. It is located 63 km southeast of Blagoevgrad and 160 km from Sofia. It is located on the southwestern slopes of Pirin Mountain, on both banks of the Sandanska Bistritsa River.
Municipality of Satovcha / 323 sq. Km; 17576 / covers parts of the valley of the Mesta River and the southeastern part of the Dabrashki part of the Western Rhodopes. It borders Garmen and Hadjidimov municipalities from Blagoevgrad region and Velingrad and Dospat municipalities from Plovdiv region. It includes the municipal center of the village of Satovcha and 13 other villages. The mountainous and semi-mountainous relief prevails on the territory of the municipality. The climate is transitional Mediterranean with a pronounced mountainous influence in the highlands. The forest fund is rich. Coniferous forests of pine, spruce and fir predominate. In the northeastern part of the municipality, in the land of the village of Pletena, is the reserve "Konski dol", declared to preserve the centuries-old spruce-beech-fir forest. The reserve is rich in plant and animal species, many of which are included in the Red Book of Bulgaria. The arable land is mainly in the small inland Satovcha valley and on the deforested mountain hills. Natural and geographical conditions are favorable for the cultivation of tobacco, potatoes, sheep, goats and cattle. All villages in the municipality are connected by second and third class roads with the municipal center, and through it with the town of Gotse Delchev, Blagoevgrad and Sofia. The transport service is performed by regular bus lines. The road from Gotse Delchev to Dospat, Smolyan and Plovdiv also passes through the Satovcha valley. The administrative, economic and cultural center of the municipality is the village of Satovcha, located in the valley of the same name, at about 950 m above sea level. It is located 28 km northeast of the town of Gotse Delchev, on the road Gotse Delchev - Dospat. Nestled in the slopes of the Rhodopes, surrounded by natural birch forest, landscaped and landscaped, the village of Satovcha is cozy in all seasons. Its inhabitants give it a special charm - natural, friendly, hospitable mountaineers, typical Rhodopeans. They sacredly preserve the memory of the historical past and the heroes of the homeland. In the center of the village is a monument with the names of fallen soldiers of the 9th Plovdiv Infantry Regiment for the liberation of Satovcha from the Ottoman yoke and those killed in the war in 1913 -1918, a memorial plaque with the names of volunteers from the village of Dolen in the Russian-Turkish war of liberation. In Satovcha are concentrated the institutions serving administratively and economically the population in the municipality, small companies and workshops for trade and household services. Satovcha is the center of the State Forestry "Dikchan", which carries out activities for the management of forests and game and protection of the natural environment. Cultural activity in the village and the municipality is developed by the National Chitalishte “St. St. Cyril and Methodius ”.
Simitli Municipality / 529 sq. Km; 15531 g. / Is located in the Simitli valley along the middle course of the river Struma, on the slopes of 4 mountains - Rila, Pirin, Vlahina and Maleshevska. It includes the administrative center - the town of Simitli and 17 villages. It borders Blagoevgrad, Razlog and Kresna municipalities and Macedonia. The relief of the municipality is diverse, but the semi-mountainous and mountainous ones predominate. It includes the eastern slopes of the Vlahina and Maleshevska mountains and parts of the Rila National Park and the Pirin National Park with unique natural landscapes. The picturesque river Struma passes through its territory, it made its way between the mountains and formed two of the most beautiful gorges - Oranovo and Kresna. The fault structure of the relief has distinguished the appearance of dozens of mineral springs, which with their healing properties are a real treasure and a prerequisite for the transformation of the municipality into a developing spa center. The climate is transitional-Mediterranean - in the lower parts and mountainous - in the higher. This determines a rich and diverse flora and fauna. The municipal center - the town of Simitli / 7466 inhabitants / is located at the crossroads. From here pass the strategically important for our country and the European Union roads to the Republic of Greece and the Republic of Macedonia. The geographical location and the well-developed infrastructure enable cross-border economic and cultural cooperation and the development of tourism.
Strumyani Municipality / 366 sq. Km; 6564 g. / Covers parts of the Middle Struma valley, the western slopes of Pirin and the eastern slopes of Maleshevska mountain. It consists of 21 settlements. Of these, only the village of Ilindentsi is located in the bosom of Pirin. It borders the municipalities of Kresna, Sandanski, Bansko, Petrich and the municipality of Berovo / R. Macedonia. The relief of the relatively small area is very diverse, mostly mountainous, which is characterized by picturesque rocks with over 30 caves. The rivers Struma, Lebnitsa, Tsaparevska, Sedelska, Shashka and Zlinska flow through the territory of the municipality. The forest fund is rich. The municipality includes part of the Pirin National Park and the Sokolata Reserve in the Maleshevska Mountain, which preserves a centuries-old (250 years) primary high-stemmed forest of hornbeam and the flora and fauna characteristic of the Maleshevska Mountain region. The climate is transitional Mediterranean, in the high parts of the mountains - mountainous. The natural and geographical conditions in the municipality are favorable for growing heat-loving crops, such as tobacco, fruits, vineyards and all kinds of early and middle-early vegetables, typical for our country. Mild winter allows the cultivation of figs, pomegranates, almonds, olives and more.
Hadjidimovo Municipality is located in southwestern Bulgaria, in the Blagoevgrad district. To the west the municipality borders with the municipality of Sandanski, to the north - with Gotse Delchev and Garmen, to the east - with Satovcha and to the south the municipal border coincides with the state border of Bulgaria with Greece. The territory of the municipality covers the southernmost part of the eastern slopes of Pirin Mountain, part of Slavyanka Mountain, a small part of the southwestern slopes of Dabrashki rid in the Western Rhodopes, and part of the Gotse Delchev valley and the valley of the Mesta River. It has good natural potential and high bioclimatic potential. Hadjidimovo Municipality covers an area of 327.8 km2. Its population is 10,551 (2003). It includes 15 settlements - 1 town (Hadjidimovo) and 14 villages. The center of the municipality - Hadjidimovo, is 115 km from the regional center - Blagoevgrad, 212 km from the capital - Sofia, 161 km from Pazardzhik (via Yakoruda and Yundola), 199 km from Plovdiv and 17 km from the state border with the Hellenic Republic (Ilinden border checkpoint).
Yakoruda Municipality / 340 sq. Km; 10771 g. / Is located in the northeastern part of Blagoevgrad region. It covers the southern branches of Eastern Rila, parts of the Veliky Novgorod region of the Western Rhodopes and the valley of the Mesta River. It includes the town of Yakoruda and 7 villages - Avramovo, Bel Kamen, Buntsevo, Konarsko, Smolevo, Cherna Mesta and Yurukovo with their lands. It borders the municipalities of Belitsa, Samokov and Velingrad. The relief in the land is predominantly mountainous and semi-mountainous; the climate is transitional-continental, with a pronounced mountainous influence, in the high parts - mountainous. The forest fund is rich in coniferous and deciduous forests and pastures. Many rivers - Mesta, Bela Mesta, Cherna Mesta, Dreschenets, Chesna, Dzhebre, Yakorushitsa, Gramadina, Gnilo, and Lazarets; alpine lakes and hot mineral springs form the water wealth of the municipality. The largest collecting derivation is located in the Yakoruda region - "Granchar", on the water-power cascade "Belmeken - Sestrimo". Through 61 water intakes, the derivation collects 85.5 million cubic meters of water per year for Belmeken Dam. The scope of the territory of Yakoruda municipality includes part of the Rila National Park with the beautiful forests and alpine lakes and meadows, with a captivating view of the Rhodopes and Pirin; the resort area "Treshtenik"; The waterfall of the river Chesna / natural landmark / and the protected area "Belatsite", declared for protection of centuries-old pine trees. The main transport in the municipality is road. Regular bus lines connect Yakoruda with all settlements in the municipality and the region, with Blagoevgrad, Sofia, Velingrad, Pazardzhik and Plovdiv. Yakoruda and the villages of Avramovo, Smolevo, Cherna Mesta and Yurukovo are stations on the picturesque, filled with countless serpentines and tunnels, narrow-gauge railway line Septemvri - Dobrinishte. The village of Avramovo is the highest station / 1267 m above sea level. height / in the Balkans. The administrative, economic and cultural center of the municipality is the town of Yakoruda / 6300 inhabitants /. It is located on the southern slopes of Rila / 890 m above sea level /, on both banks of the river Mesta, which here serves as a border between Rila and the Rhodopes and at the foot of the Rhodope massif Buntishka. It is 79 km east of Blagoevgrad, 28 km north of Razlog and 40 km from Velingrad. About 2 km southwest of Yakoruda are the mineral springs / 41 ° С; 25 l / sec /.